In a CVT (Continuously Variable Transmission) system, the shifting of the belt on the primary clutch occurs through a combination of mechanical and centrifugal forces. Let’s go through the process step by step:
- Initial Position: When the engine is at idle or at low RPM, the primary clutch is in its initial position. The primary clutch consists of two primary sheaves: the fixed sheave and the movable sheave. The movable sheave is connected to the engine crankshaft, while the fixed sheave is stationary.
- Engagement: As the engine RPM increases, the movable sheave moves outward due to centrifugal force. This action creates a wider gap between the primary sheaves and allows the CVT belt to move freely.
- Belt Movement: The centrifugal force causes the CVT belt to be pushed towards the outer edge of the primary sheaves. As a result, the belt rides higher on the primary clutch and lower on the secondary clutch (driven clutch) of the CVT system.
- Varying Pulley Diameters: The movement of the belt changes the effective diameters of the primary sheaves. The movable sheave, driven by the centrifugal force, moves outward, causing the distance between the primary sheaves to increase. Simultaneously, the fixed sheave may change its shape slightly to accommodate the belt’s movement.
- Gear Ratio Adjustment: The change in the distance between the primary sheaves alters the effective gear ratio of the CVT system. By adjusting the position of the belt on the primary clutch, the CVT system can achieve different gear ratios without the need for discrete gears.
- Smooth Transitions: As the engine RPM increases or decreases, the movable sheave of the primary clutch responds to the centrifugal force, adjusting the position of the belt accordingly. This allows for smooth and continuous gear changes without the need for shifting or interrupted power delivery.
Factors influencing belt movement and engagement in the CVT system include engine RPM, throttle input, load on the transmission, and the design of the primary clutch mechanism. The primary clutch is designed to respond to changes in these factors to maintain the optimal gear ratio for efficient power transfer.
It’s important to note that the CVT system is designed to continuously adjust the gear ratio based on the driving conditions, allowing the engine to operate at its most efficient RPM range for improved fuel efficiency and performance.
Overall, the shifting of the belt on the primary clutch of a CVT system is a result of centrifugal forces acting on the movable sheave, causing the belt to move and change the effective gear ratio. This mechanism allows for seamless and continuous gear changes in a CVT system.